Corrupt oil producing countries ask for help 塔防三国志爱玩礼包

Home / Corrupt oil producing countries ask for help 塔防三国志爱玩礼包

The producers for bad corruption in international bank Sina stocks Beijing time 3 days up to nineteen months of falling prices has led analysts to broken glasses, also let the global energy industry lost tens of thousands of jobs. Now, the fall is forcing international banks to decide whether to rescue at least two oil producing countries – they are among the most corrupt countries in the world. Quartz reported that Azerbaijan has approached the International Monetary Fund and the world bank, hoping to get a total of $4 billion in aid, and Nigeria to the world bank and the African Development Bank for $3 billion 500 million. Both countries made their requests in the last week of January. Economists believe that Venezuela is also at risk, international loans face the threat of default, but due to political reasons — is the main anti American stance – the government, they are unlikely to seek multilateral aid such. Saudi Arabia has approximately $630 billion of reserves, there is no risk of default in the short term, nor in the most corrupt countries, but the International Monetary Fund and urged the country to reform its financial system as soon as possible. Transparency International released the corruption index of January 27th in 2015, Nigeria ranked 136th among 168 countries and regions – the more ranked, the more corrupt. Azerbaijan is 119th, while Venezuela is lower to 158th. Saudi Arabia is the forty-eighth place. Satirical cartoons — Azerbaijan budget for fiscal year 2015 to $90 in oil prices is the premise of establishment, the Washington think tank as can be imagined Carnegie International Peace Foundation Chaes (Sarah Chayes) pointed out that to these highly corrupt countries issued international loans tend to be "ruled network grab", into the power of personal wealth. So, rescue can only make them richer, and allow the people to shoulder the debt burden". She believes that the reasonable choice is any loan must be linked to specific infrastructure projects, rather than the general reform, ensure expenditures get strong supervision only so. Chaes also pointed out that Nigeria and Azerbaijan are different. With authoritarian President Aliyev constantly strengthening his power, Azerbaijan is politically becoming more and more suspicious. The position of Aliyev’s "rogue network" has not been challenged". Meanwhile, after Nigeria’s new president Buhari replaced Jonathan in March last year, he has begun to clean up the state-owned oil companies with rampant corruption. "So, at least, Nigeria seems to be tackling corruption." Chaes explained, "at this juncture, a carefully designed rescue help to strengthen their motivation to persevere." Former U.S. ambassador to Azerbaijan Kauzlarich (Richard Kauzlarich) that, for any assistance to Azerbaijan must take the requirements of state-owned enterprises and bank privatization as the premise. He worries that Azerbaijan’s president Aliyev is likely to launch a new war against neighboring Armenia to divert the country’s growing discontent. (Zi Jin) enter into sina finance theory

腐败产油国求救 难坏国际银行   新浪美股北京时间3日讯 油价长达十九个月的下跌已经让分析师们跌碎了眼镜,也让全球能源行业损失了成千上万的就业机会。现在,下跌又在迫使各家国际银行做出决定,是否去救助至少两个产油国――他们都在全球最腐败国家之列。   Quartz报道称,阿塞拜疆已经开始接洽国际货币基金和世界银行,希望获得总计40亿美元的援助,而尼日利亚则向世界银行和非洲开发银行要求35亿美元。这两国都是在1月的最后一周提出请求的。   经济学家们相信,委内瑞拉也处在风险之中,国际贷款面对违约威胁,但是由于政治原因――主要是该国政府的反美立场――他们不大可能寻求这样的多边援助。沙特阿拉伯拥有大约6300亿美元的储备,短期内没有任何违约的风险,也不在最腐败国家之列,但是国际货币基金还是敦促该国尽快改革其财政系统。   透明国际1月27日发布了2015年腐败指数,尼日利亚在168个国家和地区当中排名第136位――排名越靠后越腐败。阿塞拜疆是第119位,而委内瑞拉更低到第158位。沙特才第48位。 讽刺漫画――阿塞拜疆2015财年预算以90美元油价为前提编制,结果可想而知   华盛顿智库卡内基国际和平基金会的查耶斯(Sarah Chayes)指出,向这些高度腐败国家发放的国际贷款往往都“被统治者网络攫取了”,变成了掌握政权者的个人财富。于是乎,救援最终只能“让他们更加富有,而让广大国民背上债务负担”。   她认为,合理的选择是任何贷款都必须与特定的基础设施项目挂钩,而不是泛泛的改革,只有如此才能确保支出情况得到强有力的监管。   查耶斯还指出,尼日利亚和阿塞拜疆有所不同。伴随独裁总统阿利耶夫不断强化自己的权力,阿塞拜疆在政治上正变得越来越可疑。阿利耶夫的“盗贼统治网络的地位没有受到任何挑战”。   与此同时,尼日利亚新总统布哈里去年3月取代乔纳森之后,已经着手清理贪腐泛滥的国有石油公司。“因此,尼日利亚至少表面上看来是在解决腐败问题了。”查耶斯解释道,“在这样的当口,一次仔细设计的救援有助于强化他们坚持下去的动机。”   前美国驻阿塞拜疆大使考斯拉里奇(Richard Kauzlarich)认为,对阿塞拜疆的任何援助都必须以国有企业和银行私有化等要求为前提。他担心阿塞拜疆总统阿利耶夫为转移国内日益严重的不满情绪,可能会对邻国亚美尼亚发动一场新的战争。(子衿) 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章: