Should Native American Dna Testing Be

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Science To some groups of people, like Native Americans, DNA testing is used not only to establish links to ancestors but also to determine legal rights and privileges. Tribal sovereignty and legal rights are hot topics of debate in American political arenas and are disputed within the courts all the time. States, industries and land owners themselves challenge the tribes’ rights to control their own lands and people, or to even exist at all. Most citizens don’t even realize that tribes are political entities unto themselves and not just quaint little ethnic groups. And because of the legal protections afforded Native Americans, DNA testing often necessary for them to be able to prove their ancestry and enjoy the rights and privileges that their tribes have earned. Because federal laws and tribal laws focus on the tribes relating as a group, their cultural continuity and their tribal land-base, many individuals who have Native American biological ancestors are sadly ineligible for federally recognized tribal status because they either don’t live with the tribe, don’t function with the tribe or their heritage has be.e mixed. DNA testing is often the sole recourse these Native Americans have if they want to be legally recognized as a tribal member. Without this recognition, they may lose access to land, financial aid and even gaming business licenses. Some individuals even re.mend that DNA testing be.e a legal requirement for proving Native American ancestry. Tribe members themselves also are considering this mandate. For the wealthy casino tribes there is a lot at risk. They disburse monthly payments to their members that may sometimes total thousands of dollars so it’s no surprise that they’d wish to protect their enrollment by excluding people who cannot legitimately claim to be tribe members. However just how effective and reliable are these Native American DNA testing facilities and products? Native American DNA tests may be able to determine is really a Native American, however they will rarely identify markers for specific tribes. And in today’s mobile society most Native Americans, in fact most people in general, are of more than one ethnic orientation. These tests may indicate genetic markers that are ‘.mon’ in Native Americans however the problem still remains that ‘.mon’ doesn’t necessarily mean ‘only found in’ Native Americans. One supplier of Native American DNA tests has chosen to fall back on a Native American Paternity test. But those results only go as far as examining the genealogical data from the parents or possibly grandparents and still don’t ensure that all family members are legitimately members of the tribe. Once more, this leaves the recognized tribe members at financial risk. As long as native American DNA test continue to supply answers that are not quite fool-proof it falls on the shoulders of the tribal leaders to carefully consider each applicant’s eligibility and it falls on the shoulders of every applicant to take the necessary precautions to carefully document his ancestry to back up the DNA test results. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: